Hermitage museum private tour

Price per person € 65

State Hermitage Museum

The State Hermitage Museum is one of the largest and oldest museums in the world and an absolute must-see for any visitor to St. Petersburg. The museum was founded in 1764 by Catherine the Great, empress of Russia, and opened to the public in 1852.

Not only does the Hermitage boast one of the world's greatest art collections, the museum is also worth a visit for its sumptuous interior. The Winter Palace in particular is magnificent, with its marvelous Jordan Staircase and dazzling splendor of the many state rooms.

The collection of Catherine the Great began with the purchase of more than two hundred paintings from Berlin art merchant Johann Ernst Gotzkowsky. This collection consisted of a plethora of impressive works by artists such as Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck, Raphael, Holbein, Titian, and several others. Historians say that during her lifetime Catherine the Great acquired 4,000 paintings by the Old Masters, 38,000 books, 10,000 engraved gems, 10,000 drawings, 16,000 coins and medals and a natural history collection filling two galleries. By amassing this large collection, Catherine the Great aimed to enhance the international reputation of the Russian imperial court. At the same time, it was a display of power and wealth, sending an important political symbol to rival empires in Europe.

As the years went on, the collection continued to grow, added to by other tsars and by donations made by individuals. Some works were purchased from the Papal Government and others were acquired when several palaces of the Russian Tsars and a number of private mansions were being "nationalized" and their art works redistributed among several Soviet state museums.

Extensions were continuously built to Catherine's Winter Palace in order to accommodate her growing collection of works of art. Initially the collection was housed in the Winter Palace, but in 1771-1787 Catherine had the Small Hermitage built to showcase her collection. Soon, the Great Hermitage (1771-1787) was added to the east of the Small Hermitage and finally the New Hermitage was built in 1839-1851. In 1852 the New and Great Hermitage were opened to the public by tsar Nicholas I. After the Russian Revolution in 1917 the Winter Palace was added to the Hermitage Museum. After the Second World War, the museum has continued to expand, adding not only to its collection but also adding more buildings to the museum complex.

Address:
2, Dvortsovaya Ploschad (Palace Square), St Petersburg, Russia

Persons23 4 5678910
Price per person65 € 50 € 40 €
35 € 30 € 30 € 30 € 30 € 30 €
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